9 English Grammar Rules to Remember
While learning a new language, the most important thing is to learn its grammar rules. The English grammar seems to be easy compared to other languages but due to small mistakes, the whole meaning of the sentence will change.
So here is a list of some important English grammar rules that should be in your mind while speaking or writing in English.
1. Use of adjectives and adverbs
While writing or speaking in English you must take care of using adjectives and adverbs properly. Adjectives are used in the identification and quantification of people or things. Adjectives are usually positioned in the front of nouns. They don’t change their meaning if the noun is plural. On the other hand, adverbs are used to modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. They usually positioned after the verb.
- Rahul is a fast driver. (Adjective)
- Rahul drives fastly. (Adverb)
Mostly the adverbs are created by adding -ly to an adjective as mentioned in above example. But there are some cases where adverbs are irregular;
Adjective – Adverb
fast – fast
hard – hard
good – well
For example, Your French is good — You speak French well.
2. Use homophonic words in English grammar
The homophonic words are that word whose pronunciation is in the way of other words but there meaning are different, even they may spelt bit differently. This may create confusion.
- they’re-there- their
- you’re -your
- flour- flour
So while writing, make sure that you chose the word with correct spelling. And remember that when you are listening to a word, there may be a case that you understood the word but it may have other meaning in actual. For this you should try to understand context of the paragraph.
3. Correct conjugation of a verb
While writing or listening you should change the verb accordingly so as to agree with the subject. The main subjects that need to be careful with are he, she, and it since most often they have a different form.
- He has two cats. —- CORRECT
- He have two cats. —- NOT CORRECT
This may seem a very small mistake to you, but these mistakes are noticeable. So it is important for you to avoid them, by doing so you will sound more accurate while reading or writing.
Also, remember that when you are describing something by using ‘There is/are’, the verb should be the first thing to mention.
- There is a burger, some french fries and a pizza.
- There are some burgers , some french fries and a pizza.
4. Connect ideas to Conjunctions
By using conjunctions you can connect two sentences or short phrases. For example;
I’m learning French. French is an important language.
I’m learning French because French is an important language.
The most commonly used conjunctions are given below:
- and – used for addition
- because – used to give reasons
- but – used to express the contrast
- so – used to describe some consequence
- or – used to describe alternative
Some more examples;
- She like volleyball and she plays in the team.
- They are playing because their work is complete.
- She wants to sleep more but she has no time.
- Raju is coming so I am cleaning my house.
- what would you like to have tea or coffee?
5. Construction of sentence
Sentences that are written in English are not long. For the people who are learning English, this may be a piece of good news because they need not worry about writing long and complex paragraphs. Mainly when the sentence has two or three clauses which are subject+verb+object, these clauses are linked by using conjunctions.
By adding commas you can make your sentences make more sense. Commas help the reading to understand where one phrase ends and the other begins. Mostly you can put commas on the following occasions:
- Between two clauses
We are going to play, if weather is nice tommorow.
- Two separate the items two
John like singing , writing and dancing.
- Used after conjunctions
The place was good for outing. However, the hotel was not good.
6. Word order for the questions
The structure of the questions in English is different from its affirmative form. So you while writing you have to make sure to change the order of words in sentences. There are mainly four ways by which you can convert the affirmative sentence to its interrogative form, these are;
- ‘to be’– the verb ‘to be’ is used by the sentence to invert the subject and the verb. For example, Are you a teacher?
- For all other verbs – questions made from all the other verbs, you can add the word ‘do’.
For example, Do they play here?
- Use modal verbs – you can make questions by using modal verbs.
For example, Can she play guitar?
- By adding auxiliary verbs – for the sentences that have an auxiliary verb, like ‘’have’ in present perfect form, you can invert the auxiliary verb and subject.
For example, Have you seen John?
You can apply these rules to the question having a word like what, how, why.
7. Use the past form of the verb
In English, speaking in the past is not that difficult task. To express the past mostly every subject uses the same words, so there is no need to worry about learning the six different words. However, there are some verbs that are irregular and don’t use the regular tradition of adding -ed at the end of the word. Most commonly used past form of verbs are:
- Have- Had
- Go- Went
- Bring- Brought
- Make- Made
- We went to the theatre last night.
- They had to study for exams.
- I made food this Monday.
8. Have familiarity with tenses
If are a beginner to learn English and have no such knowledge of tenses then don’t worry. You have to just get familiar with the four or five of them that are most often used. These five tenses are :
- Present simple tense – to describe the habits and present situations.
For example, Danial live in America.
- Present continuous tense – it describes the current situations and the future plans.
For example, I am meeting Tim later.
- Past simple tense – it is used to describe the finished actions in past.
For example, They arrived at the hotel at 12 pm
- Present perfect tense – used to describe the past actions that are connected to the present.
For example, Sophia has finished her work early.
9. Don’t use a double negative
In English, there are two ways that you can use to express a negative concept. For instance, if you want to say that The glass is empty in a negative way, you can say so
There is nothing in the glass.
There isn’t anything in the glass.
The words nothing, anything has the same meaning. The only difference is that nothing is used with affirmative sentences while anything is used with the negative sentences.
The same rule applies to the other words like;
- nobody – anybody
- none – any
When you talk about the experience , the word ‘never’ can be used. For example:
She’s never been to India
She hasn’t ever been to India
The meaning of both sentences is the same but in the second sentence, the word ‘ever’ is used, which means that you want to make the verb negative.